Other 1930s Campaigns
1929: Ramsay MacDonald sets up enquiry to investigate whether National Parks would be a good idea.
1931: The Addison Report recommends there should be a National Parks Authority to select the most appropriate areas.
1930s: Proposals to make Dovedale the first National Park. The Depression created mass unemployment and for many people the only release was to get out into the countryside for cheap and healthy exercise. The northern moors were strictly preserved for grouse shooting and this lead to demands for access and protest meetings in the Winnats Pass at Castleton and elsewhere.
1931/1932: A change of Government and severe financial crisis means Addison's recommendations are put on ice.
1932 Sunday 24 April: 400 ramblers gather at Bowden Bridge Quarry, Hayfield to trespass on Kinder Scout. Protesters are met by gamekeepers and scuffles break out. Arrests are made and five men are imprisoned. After the skirmish the demonstrators continue along the path through William Clough and are joined by Sheffield Ramblers who had walked via Kinder and Edale Cross. The whole group then walk along the Hayfield to Snake footpath to its highest point where they hold the 'Victory' meeting. The Rights of Way Act is passed.
1935: A conference, chaired by Norman Birkett, resurrects Addison's 'Central Authority for National Parks'. Tom Stephenson suggests a 'Jubilee Trail' along the backbone of England. The Ramblers' Association is set up amalgamating many clubs across the country.
1936 26 May: first meeting of the Standing Committee on National Parks.
1938: John Dower, the Committee's secretary, publishes 'The Case for National Parks in Great Britain'.
1939: After 55 years the Access to the Mountains Act finally succeeds.
1942: The Scott Report accepts the need for national parks and looks at problems facing the countryside.
1945: The Dower Report suggests how national parks could work in England and Wales. A new Labour government sets up the Committee on National Parks, chaired by Sir Arthur Hobhouse.
1947: The Hobhouse Report suggests 12 potential national parks. The new Town & Country Planning Act sets up a 'land-use planning system' which includes national parks.
1948: The route of the Pennine Way is decided.